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Directions for preparing a new flower site:

Kill weeds.

Rough up the topsoil.

Depth:  Seeds must be covered thinly, no more than the
thickness of the seed.  Firm seed into contact with the soil by
walking back and forth on plot.

If the soil is powdery, then wet the soil surface after you sow.
Thus, getting the seed glued into the soil surface with good soil
to seed contact for germination to begin.   

Note, germination can be slow.  
Average germ time: 14 to  28 days, depending on the weather.
1.  Choose a sunny location.

2.  Starting in spring or summer, the area to be planted
must be completely free of weeds and grasses.  Spray
herbicide over the plot or cover with thick plastic sheet.

3.  Wait a few weeks for new weed sprouting to happen
from the weed/grass seed bank.  

4.  The following day, rotor till the plot into deep loose

5.  Following rainfall; or your watering the plot, cover
with black plastic sheeting.

Note, Menards Lumber, Home Depot, and other big
box stores carry heavy duty rolled sheets of black

Do not walk on the loose soil under the plastic.  You
want to keep the soil fluffy under the black plastic until
planting in late October to early November.

6.  If you planted species in particular areas and not as
a mixture of seed, then draw a map on paper to keep for
future reference; you want to know what kinds of
flowers were planted.
Detailed tips for a fall planting:
Once plants are growing:
Adult plants do not need watering as these established
prairie plants are tough.  Sometimes perennial plants
remain juvenile looking the first year.  Progress may
appear stunted; however, the plant is putting forth all
its energy to sending out an extensive root system
below.  Growth development is influenced by many
factors; such as, weather, soil condition, etc.

In drought conditions, you need to water juvenile
plants periodically.  Adult plants do not need watering
as these established prairie plants are tough.  

*However, if very dry conditions occur, added
watering does reward with more blooms; thereby, the
quantity of nectar and pollen increases for pollinators.